Various Diseases

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Various Diseases

Disease caused by Viruses:

Chickenpox – It is caused by Varicella-zoster virus

Small Pox – It is caused by the Variola virus

Common Cold -It is caused by Rhinovirus

AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome) – It is caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

Measles -It is caused by the Measles virus

Mumps -It is caused by Mumps virus

Rabies – It is caused by the Rabies virus (Rhabdoviridae family)

Dengue fever -It is caused by the Dengue virus

Viral encephalitis – It is an inflammation of the brain. It is caused by the  rabies virus, Herpes simplex, polio virus, measles virus, and JC virus

Disease caused by Bacteria:

Whooping Cough – It is caused by a bacterium called Borde tella pertussis.

Diphtheria – It is caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae.

Cholera – It is caused by Vibrio cholera

Leprosy – It is caused by Mycobacterium leprae.

Pneumonia– It is caused by Streptococcus pneumonia

Tetanus – It is caused by Clostridium tetani

Typhoid – It is caused by Salmonella typhi

Tuberculosis – It is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Plague – It is caused by Yersinia pestis

Disease Caused by Protozoans:

Malaria: It is spread by Anopheles mosquitoes. The Plasmodium parasite that causes malaria is neither a virus nor a bacteria

Amoebic dysentery: It is caused by Entamoebahistolytica.

Sleeping sickness: It is caused by Trypanosomabrucei.

Kala-azar: It is caused by Leishmaniadonovani.

Disease Caused by Worms

Tapeworm: They are intestinal parasites. It cannot live on its own. It survives within the intestine of an animal including a human

Filariasis: It is caused by a thread worm

Pinworm: It is caused by a small, thin, white roundworm called Enterobiusvermicularis.

Parts of the Body Affected by Diseases

Disease – Affected Body Part

Arthritis – Joints

Asthma – Bronchial Muscles

Cataract – Eyes

Diabetes – Pancreas

Diphtheria – Throat

Eczema – Skin

Glaucoma – Eyes

Goitre – Thyroid Gland

Jaundice – Liver

Leukemia – Blood

Malaria – Spleen

Meningitis – Brain and Spinal Cord

Otitis – Ears

Paralysis – Nerves

Pneumonia – Lungs

Polio – Legs

Pyorrhoea – Teeth and Gums

Rheumatism – Joints

Sinusitis – Inflammation of sinus linings

Tonsillitis – Tonsils

Trachoma – Eyes

Tuberculosis – Lungs

Typhoid – Intestines

Diseases and Causative Agents

Causative Agent –   Disease

Bacteria –  Diphtheria, Gonorrhoea, Meningitis, Cholera, Leprosy, Typhoid, Tetanus, Tuberculosis, Plague, Whooping Cough, Pneumonia

Virus –  Chicken Pox, Small Pox, Measle, Mumps, AIDS, Yellow fever, Influenza, Dengue fever, Rabies, Polio-meritis phelebotomus

Protozoans – Malaria, Sleeping sickness, Kala-azar, Leishmaniasis, Amoebic dysentery

Fungus – Athlete’s foot, Ringworms, Madura foot, Dhobi’s itchHelminths Filaria, Tapeworm and Hookworm transmission

Important Information about Human Body

• Biggest Organ: Liver

• Heart Beat: 72 times in a minute

• Master Gland: Pituitary

• Number of Bone: 206

• Number of Muscles: 640

• Number of chromosomes: 46 or 23 pairs

• Normal Blood Pressure: 80 to 120

• Teeth: 32

• Volume of Blood: About 7 litres in normal body or about 7% of the total body weight.

• Largest Part of human Brain: Cerebrum

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