Transportation in India
Indian railways is the largest railway network in Asia and second largest in the world. Mumbai to Thane(34kms) the first railway route in India was started by lord Dalhousie on April 16, 1853. Indian railway board was established in 1905 and Indian railways was nationalised in 1950.
Indian railways has three types of railway tracks. The slogan of Indian railways is “life line of the nation”.
Space between the railway tracks
Broad gauge – 1.676 mts
Meter gauge -1.000 mts
Narrow gauge – 0.762 and 0.616 mts
First railway minister of India after independence was John mitai, before independence was asif ali. Current railway minister is Piyush Goyal (2020)
Countries without a railway network are Lebanon, Mauritius, Libya, Argentina, Afghanistan, Papua, and New guinea.
- Vande bharata -train 18 is the fastest train in India.
- Nilgiri passenger train is the slowest train
- Vivek express runs the longest distance from Dibrugarh (Assam) to Kanyakumari.
- Samjotha express runs between India and Pakistan.
- Maitree express runs between India and Bangladesh.
- Fairy queen is the oldest working locomotive in Indian railways.
- Vijayawada is the busiest railway station.
- Vallarpadam bridge in Kerala is the longest railway bridge in India.
- Ghum in west bengal is the highest railway station.
- Pir Panjal tunnel is the longest railway Tunnel with 11.2 kms.
- Gorakhpur railway station has the longest platform in the world.
- First electric train : Deccan queen
- First underground railway : kolkata metro
- The Northern railway zone is the largest railway zone.
- Chhatrapati Shivaji terminus in Mumbai is the first railway station in India.
- Tejas express is the first private train. Running between Delhi and lucknow.
- Uttar Pradesh has the longest railway line.
- The National Railway Museum is located in New Delhi.
- The Darjeeling Himalayan railway, the nilgiri mountain railway, the kalka shimla railway and the Chhatrapati Shivaji terminus are listed in the UNESCO World Heritage sites on Indian railways.
Zones and headquarters of the Indian Railways
There are 18 railway zones in India. The south coast railway zone is a new railway zone and it’s headquartered at visakhapatnam.
|East coast railway||Bhubaneswar|
|South East Central railway||Bilaspur|
|East Central railway||Hajipur|
|North Easern railway||Gorakhpur|
|South eastern railway||Kolkata|
|South coast railway||Visakhapatnam|
|West Central railway||Jabalpur|
|South Western railway||Hubli|
|North West railway||Jaipur|
|Northern railway||Baroda house, New Delhi|
|South Central railway||Secunderabad|
|North Central railway||Allahabad|
|North East frontier||Maligaon, guwahati|
The total length of the roads in India is 54.8 lakhs kms and it is the second largest in the world. Indian road network has been classified into national highway, state highway and district roads and rural roads. National highways are constructed and maintained by the Central Government, state highways are maintained by the respective state government while district highways are by the respective district boards.
Some important national highways
NH 1 – Delhi to Amritsar
NH 2 – Delhi to kolkata
NH 3 – agra to mumbai
NH 4 – thane to Chennai
NH 16 – kolkata to Chennai (previously known as NH 5)
NH 44 – varanasi to Kanyakumari ( NH 44 is the longest national highway, previously known as NH 7)
NH 8 – Delhi to mumbai
NH 15 – Hazira to pathankot (passes through thar desert)
NH 24 – Delhi to lucknow
NH 27 – Allahabad to varanasi
NH 31 – patna to guwahati (life line of North East India)
NH 39 – numaligarh to indo Myanmar border (lifeline of Myanmar)
NH 44A kochi to Willingdon Island (smallest highway – 6 km)
NH 223 – great andaman trunk road
Milestone colours help to distinguish a national highway, state highway and city highway.
|National highway||Yellow and white|
|State highway||Green and white|
|City highway||Black and white|
|Pradan mantri gram sadak Yojana||Orange and white|
The waterways in India have been divided into internal waterways and oceanic waterways.
NW 1 – Allahabad to haldia on ganga river (length – 1620km)
NW 2 – Sadia to dhubri on Brahmaputra river 89km
NW 3 – kollam to kottapuram 168km
NW 4 – kakinada to marakkanam along godavari and krishna rivers 1095km
NW 5 – mangalagiri to paradeep and talcher to dhamra on Mahanadi and brahmani rivers.
International airports in India
|Name of the international airport||Place|
|Lokpriya gopinath Bordoloi||Guwahati|
|Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel||Ahmedabad|
|Shri guru Ram Das ji||Amritsar|
|Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar||Nagpur|
|Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose||Kolkata|
|Veer Savarkar||Port Blair|
|Jai Prakash Narayan||Patna|
|Lal Bahadur Shastri||Babatpur, varanasi|
|Choudhary charan singh||Lucknow|
|Coachi (private) first greenfield airport||Kochi, Kerala|