Socio-religious reform movements

Socio-religious reform movements

Brahmo samaj

● It was the first socio religious reform movement in India started by raja rammohan Roy
● He was popularly known as the father of the indian reform movement, father of modern India.
● In 1815, he founded atmiya sabha which was renamed as brahmo sabha in 1828 and brahmo samaj in 1829.
● He started a Bengali weekly named samavada kaumudi in 1821. It was the first journal to be started by an indian.
● He founded Vedanta College in Calcutta in 1825.he died in Bristol in 1833.

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Arya samaj

● Arya Samaj was founded by Dayananda Saraswati (Mula Shankara).
● He gave the slogan go back to vedas.
● He wrote styartha prakashika.

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Theosophical society

● Mrs. Annie Besant, an Irish lady settled in India was the president of theosophical society.
● She published two newspapers namely New India and common weal.
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Ramakrishna movement

● The Ramakrishna movement was launched by Narendra Dutt, popularly known as Swami Vivekananda.
● He published udbodhan, a Bengali fortnightly and an English monthly called prabodha Bharati.
● In 1893, he went to America and attended the world Parliament of religion at Chicago.
● He established Ramakrishna mission and the headquarters of this mission is at Belur (Howrah).
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Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar

● His efforts resulted in the enactment of the Hindu widow remarriage act, 1856 by lord Dalhousie.
● He established 35 institutions for the education of women.
● The Bethune college of Calcutta was founded by him.
● It was the first women’s college in India.
● The first graduate woman of India, Kadambini Ganguly was a student of Bethune college.
● Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar translated abhignana shakuntalam of kalidasa into the Bengali language.
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Dondu Keshav karve

● He founded Poona Women University in 1916 which was the first University in
India.
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Justice Mahadev Govind Ranade

● He and his wife Ramabai founded the poona sarvajanik sabha.
● He also founded the national social conference.
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Kandukuri veeresalingam

● He is considered as the father of Andhra reform movement.
● He established a girls high school at dhavaleswaram near rajahmundry in Andhra Pradesh.
● He launched a Telugu journal, Viveka vardhini.
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Tattwabodhini sabha

● It was founded by Devendranath Tagore.
● He started the tattwabadhini Patrika.
● He was also known as Maharshi.

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Jyotiba phule

● He was also known as Mahatma.
● In 1873, he founded Satya shodhak samaj.
● He wrote ghulamgiri and sarvajanik satyadharma pustak.

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Gopala Krishna Gokhale

● He founded servants of indian society in 1905.
● He was the political guru of Gandhiji.

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Also Read

The British conquest of India

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