Project Elephant & Elephant Reserves in India

Project Elephant & Elephant Reserves in India

Project Elephant was launched in 1992 by the Government of India Ministry of Environment and Forests to provide financial and technical support to wildlife management efforts by states for their free-ranging populations of wild Asian Elephants. The project aims to ensure the long-term survival to the populations of elephants in their natural habitats by protecting the elephants, their habitats and migration corridors. Other goals of Project Elephant are supporting the research of the ecology and management of elephants, creating awareness of conservation among local people, providing improved veterinary care for captive elephants

Objectives

Project Elephant (PE) was launched by the Government of India in the year 1992 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with following objectives:

  • To protect elephants, their habitat & corridors.
  • To address issues of man-animal conflict.
  • Welfare of captive elephants

Activities

Financial support is being provided to major elephant bearing States in the country. The Project is being mainly implemented in 16 States / UTs, viz. Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal. Main activities under the Project are as follows:

  • Ecological restoration of existing natural habitats and migratory routes of elephants are builder
  • Development of scientific and planned management for conservation of elephant habitats and viable population of Wild Asiatic elephants in India;
  • Promotion of measures for mitigation of man-elephant conflict in crucial habitats and moderating pressures of human and domestic stock activities in crucial elephant habitats;
  • Strengthening of measures for the protection of Wild elephants from poachers and unnatural causes of death;
  • Research on Elephant management related issues;
  • Public education and awareness programmes;
  • Eco-development
  • Veterinary care
  • Elephant Rehabilitation/Rescue Centers
S.No.Reserve NameRangeEstd.StateTotal area (km²)Population
1MayurjharnaEast-Central2002West Bengal41496
2SinghbhumEast-Central2001Jharkhand4,530371
3MayurbhanjEast-Central2001Orissa3.214465
4MahanadiEast-Central2002Orissa1,038464
5SambalpurEast-Central2002Orissa427336
6BaitarniEast-CentralOrissa1,755108
7South OrissaEast-CentralOrissa1,049138
8LemruEast-CentralChhattisgarh450
9Badalkhol-TamorpinglaEast-CentralChhattisgarh4,216138
10KamengKameng-Sonitpur2002Arunachal Pradesh1,892
11SonitpurKameng-Sonitpur2003Assam1,420612
12DihingPatkaiEastern-South2003Assam937295
13South ArunachalEastern-SouthArunachal Pradesh900+129
14KazirangaKarbi AnglongKaziranga2003Assam3,2701,940
15Dhansiri-LungdingKaziranga2003Assam2,740275
16IntankiKaziranga2005Nagaland20230
17Chirang-RipuNorth Bengal-Greater Manas2003Assam2,600658
18Eastern DooarsNorth Bengal-Greater Manas2002West Bengal978300-350
19Garo HillsMeghalaya2001Meghalaya3,5001,047
20Khasi HillsMeghalayaMeghalaya1,331383
21MysoreBrahmagiri-Nilgiri-Eastern Ghats2002Karnataka6,7244,452
22WayanadBrahmagiri-Nilgiri-Eastern Ghats2002Kerala1,200636
23NilgiriBrahmagiri-Nilgiri-Eastern Ghats2003Tamil Nadu4,6632,862
24RayalaBrahmagiri-Nilgiri-Eastern Ghats2003Andhra Pradesh76612
25NilamburBrahmagiri-Nilgiri-Eastern Ghats2002Kerala1,419281
26CoimbatoreBrahmagiri-Nilgiri-Eastern Ghats2003Tamil Nadu566329
27AnamalaiAnamalai-Nelliampathy-High Range2003Tamil Nadu1,457179
28AnamudiAnamalai-Nelliampathy-High Range2002Kerala3,7281,547
29PeriyarPeriyar-Agasthyamalai2002Kerala3,7421,100
30SrivilliputturPeriyar-Agasthyamalai2003Tamil Nadu1,249638
31Shivalik[5]North-Western2003Uttarakhand5,4051,610
32Uttar PradeshNorth-Western2009Uttar Pradesh744
Project ElephantTotal69,58321,370

There are a total 88 elephant corridors present in India. In 2011, the ministry of environment and forest launched the campaign ‘hathi mere sathi’, the purpose was to improve the conservation of elephants in india. There were around 8 countries participating in this conservation including India, Congo, Indonesia, Kenya, Botswana, Thailand, Sri Lanka, and Tanzania.

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