List of Important Articles of the Indian constitution

List of Important Articles of the Indian constitution

Article No.  1:- Name and territory of the Union

Article No.  3:- Formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing states

Article No. 5:- Citizenship at the commencement of the constitution

Article No. 11:- Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law.

Article No. 13:- Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the Fundamental Rights

Article No. 14:- Equality before the law

Article No. 16:- Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment

Article No. 17:- Abolition of untouchability

Article No. 18:- Abolition of titles

Article No. 19:- Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc.

Article No. 21:- Protection of life and personal liberty

Article No. 21A:- Right to elementary education

Article No. 25:- Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion

Article No. 29:- Protection of interests of minorities

Article No. 30:- Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions

Article No. 31C:- Saving of laws giving effect to certain Directive Principles

Article No. 32:- Remedies for enforcement of Fundamental Rights including writs

Article No. 38:- State to secure a social order for the promotion of the welfare of the people

Article No.40:- Organisation of village panchayats

Article No. 44:- Uniform Civil Code for the citizens

Article No. 45:- Provision for early childhood care and education to children below the age of 6 years.

Article No. 46:- Promotion of educational and economic interests of scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and other weaker sections

Article No. 50:- Separation of judiciary from the executive

Article No. 51:- Promotion of international peace and security

Article No. 51A:- Fundamental Duties

Article No. 52:- The President of India

Article No. 54:- Election of President

Article No. 61:- Procedure for impeachment of the president

Article No. 63:- The Vice President of India

Article No. 72:- Powers of President to grant pardons, suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases

Article No. 74:- Council of Ministers to aid and advise the President

Article No. 76:- Attorney-General of India

Article No. 77:- Conduct of business of the government of India

Article No. 78:- Duties of the Prime Minister as respects the furnishing of information to the President, etc.

Article No. 79:- Constitution of Parliament

Article No. 80:- Composition of the council of states

Article No. 110:- Definition of Money Bills

Article No. 112:- Annual Financial Statement (Budget)

Article No. 123:- Power of President to promulgate ordinances during recess of Parliament

Article No. 124A:- National Judicial Appointments Commission

Article No. 126:- Appointment of Acting Chief Justice

Article No. 143:- Power of President to consult Supreme Court

Article No. 148:- Comptroller and Auditor-General of India

Article No. 149:- Duties and powers of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India

Article No. 153:- Governor of States

Article No. 155:- Appointment of the Governor

Article No. 161:- Power of Governor to grant pardons, etc., and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases

Article No. 163:- Council of Ministers to aid and advise the Governor

Article No. 165:- Advocate-General of the state

Article No. 167:- Duties of Chief Minister with regard to the furnishing of information to the Governor, etc.

Article No. 168:- Constitution of Legislatures in the states

Article No. 169:- Abolition or creation of Legislative Councils in the states

Article No. 170:- Composition of Legislative Assemblies in the states

Article No. 171:- Composition of Legislative Councils in the states

Article No. 172:- Duration of State Legislatures

Article No. 173:- Qualification for membership of the State Legislature

Article No. 174:- Sessions of the State Legislature, prorogation and dissolution

Article No. 178:- Speakers and Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly

Article No. 194:- Powers, privileges of the house of legislatures and of the members and committees thereof

Article No. 199:- Definition of ‘money bills’

Article No. 200:- Assent to bills by the governor (including reservation for President)

Article No. 202:-Annual financial statement of the State Legislature

Article No. 210:- Language to be used in the State Legislature

Article No. 212:- Courts not to inquire into proceedings of the State Legislature  

Article No. 213:- Power of governor to promulgate ordinances during recess of the State Legislature

Article No. 214:- High courts for the states

Article No. 217:-Appointment and the conditions of the office of the judge of a High Court

Article No. 226:- Power of high courts to issue certain writs

Article No. 13:- Administration of union territories

Article No. 239AA:- Special provisions with respect to Delhi

Article No. 241:- High Courts for Union Territories

Article No. 243B:- Constitution of Panchayats

Article No. 243C:- Composition of Panchayats

Article No. 243G:- Powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats

Article No. 243K:- Elections to the Panchayats

Article No. 249:-Power of Parliament to legislate with respect to a matter in the State List in the national interest

Article No. 243Q:- Constitution of Municipalities

Article No. 243R:- Composition of Municipalities

Article No. 243ZA:- Elections to the Municipalities

Article No. 243ZJ:- Incorporation of co-operative societies

Article No. 244:- Administration of scheduled areas and tribal areas

Article No. 245:- Extent of laws made by parliament and by the legislatures of states

Article No. 249:- Power of parliament to legislate with respect to a matter in the state list in the national interest

Article No. 262:- Adjudication of disputes relating to waters of inter-state rivers or river valleys

Article No. 263:- Provisions with respect to an inter-state council

Article No. 265:- Taxes not to be imposed save by authority of law

Article 266:- Consolidated Funds and Public Accounts of India and of the states

Article No. 267:- Contingency Fund

Article No. 275:- Grants from the Union to certain states

Article No. 280:- Finance Commission

Article No. 287:- Exemption of taxes on electricity

Article No. 300:- Suits and proceedings

Article No. 300A:- Persons not to be deprived of property save by authority of law (Right to property)

Article No. 301:- Freedom of trade, commerce and intercourse

Article No. 311:- Dismissal, removal or reduction in rank of persons employed in civil capacities under the Union or a state.

Article No. 312:- All-India Services

Article No. 315:- Public Service Commission for the Union and for the states

Article No. 320:- Functions of Public Service Commissions

Article No. 323-A:- Administrative Tribunals

Article No. 324:- Superintendence, direction and control of elections to be vested in an Election Commission

Article No. 330:- Reservation of seats for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in the House of the People

Article No. 335:- Claims of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes to services and posts

Article No. 338:- National Commission for Scheduled Castes

Article No. 338A:- National commission for scheduled tribes

Article No. 343:- Official Languages of the union

Article No. 345:- Official Language or Languages of a state

Article No. 348:- languages to be used in the supreme court and in the high court and for acts, bills, etc. 

Article No. 352:- Proclamation of Emergency (National Emergency)

Article No. 356:- Provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery in states (President’s Rule)

Article No. 360:- Provisions as to Financial Emergency.

Article No. 365:- Effect of failure to comply with or to give effect to, directions given by the Union (President’s Rule)

Article No. 368:- Power of Parliament to amend the Constitution and procedure

Important Polity Topics

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