Gupta Dynasty

Gupta Dynasty

Srigupta

● He was the founder of the Gupta dynasty.
● He took the title maharaja.
● He built a Buddhist vihara at mrugasikhavana.

Chandragupta 1

● He enhanced his power by marrying Kumar Devi, princess of the lichchavi clan of nepal.
● He issued coins with one side king and another side with a queen image. ● Gold coins are called dinars and silver coins known as rupayas.

Samudragupta

● He was considered to be the greatest of all rulers of Gupta dynasty.
● Allahabad inscription : it was written by harisena who served as the sandhivigrahaka in the court of samudragupta. It gives the details of the
kingdoms conquered by samudragupta.
● Nalanda copper plate inscription : it is a land charter. It gives the details about a village endowed by samudragupta to a Brahman.
● Gaya copper plate inscription : samudragupta granted a village to a Buddhist vihara located at Gaya. It also mentions that this vihara was built by mahamegha Varma the ruler of srilanka.
● Samudragupta issued many gold coins. The coins show samudragupta playing veena with the title kaviraja, image of the samudragupta performing asvamedha sacrifice and title ashwamedha parakrama , tiger and boat.
● A historian V.A Smith called him as Napoleon of India.
● Vasubandhu was his minister.

Chandragupta 2

● In 388 A.D, he occupied Ujjain by defeating saka king Rudra Simha 3
● Rudra Simha 3 can be considered as the last saka king in India.
● Chandragupta 2 assumed the titles of simhavikrama and Vikramaditya.
● DeviChandraguptam written by vishakhadatta is about the marriage of Chandragupta 2 with dhruvadevi.
● Ujjain became the second capital of guptas.
● Mehrauli iron pillar inscription : it describes the victories of Chandragupta 2.
● Prabhavati Gupta was the daughter of Chandragupta 2.
● He was the first gupta king to mint the silver coins.
● Chinese pilgrim fa hien visited India at this time.
● His court is adorned by nine gems including kalidasa, amarasimha, varahmihir, susrutha, dhanwantari, Aryabhatta, Brahmagupta, vararuchi.

Kumaragupta

● During the reign, Huns invaded India for the first time.
● He founded Nalanda University.
● He adopted the title mahendraditya.
● During the war with the hunas, kumaragupta died.
● Vishnugupta was the last ruler of the Guptas.
● Guptas were the followers of Vaishnavism and varaha.
● Some of the rock cut caves at Ajanta and 9 caves at bagh in Madhya Pradesh were built by the guptas.
● 20 Hindu cave temples of both shaivism and Vaishnavism were built at udayagiri in vidisha of Madhya Pradesh.
● A five feet statue of varaha saving the earth is the most remarkable among all the sculptures of udayagiri.
● Ajanta is located in the Sahyadri mountain range in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra. It is the first world heritage site in India recognised by UNESCO.
● The sculptures of mahaparinirvana of Buddha are the most famous among all the sculptures of Ajanta caves.

Literature

● Kalidasa, the great Sanskrit dramatist, belonged to this period. His books are: abhigyana shakuntalam, ritusamhara, meghadutam, kumarasambhavam,
malavikagnimitram, Raghuvansha, vikramurvashi, etc.
● Vishakadatta wrote mudrarakshasa and devichandraguptam.
● Vishnusharma wrote panchatantra and hitopadesha.
● Amarasimha : amarakosa
● Vararuchi : prakrita Prakasam
● Dhanwantari : Ayurveda
● Susrutha : susrutha samhita
● Aryabhatta : Surya Siddhanta on astronomy, Aryabhattiyam on mathematics. Decimal system and 0 were extensively used in Aryabhattiyam, Heliocentric rotation, and revolution of earth and causes for the solar and lunar eclipse.
● Varahmihir : brihat samhita, pancha siddhantika.
● Brahmagupta : Brahma sputhic Siddhanta, khandanakadya, he is popularly known as Indian Newton for discussing the gravitational force of the earth.

Also Read:

Post Mauryan Dynasties

Join WhatsApp Group

Stay on top - Get the latest posts, quizzes, paid PDFs for free and updates of SSC Railway and APPSC to your WhatsApp

Share to your friends

- Advertisement -

Stay on top - Get the latest posts, quizzes, PDFs and updates to your WhatsApp

- Advertisement -
Previous articlePost Mauryan Dynasties
Next articlePost Gupta Age
- Advertisement -

SSC and Andhra Pradesh Govt Exams Preparation Site

Recent Articles

Interior of the Earth | Chemical composition, mechanical composition and rocks

Interior of the Earth | Chemical composition, mechanical composition and rocks It is not possible to know exactly how the Earth was formed about 4500...

Geomorphology Introduction

Geomorphology Introduction Geomorphology is defined as the scientific study of surface features of the Earth’s surface involving interpretative description of landforms, their origin, development, nature...

SI Units Of Important Physical Quantities

SI Units Of Important Physical Quantities What is the SI Unit? SI Unit is a global measuring system that is widely used in technical and scientific...

Polity Frequently Asked Questions

Polity Frequently Asked Questions 1. When was the last meeting of the Constituent Assembly held? Ans 24th January, 1950 2. Emergency provisions are enumerated in which...

History of Economic Planning

History of Economic Planning Economic planning refers to the path of actions in terms of policy measures to be followed in future, in pursuance of...

Stay on top - Get the latest posts, quizzes, PDFs and updates to your WhatsApp

Related Stories

Leave A Reply

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Stay on top - Get the latest posts links to your WhatsApp

Exam Preparation Site