Fundamental Duties are in part 4A of the Constitution. It consists of only one article, that is article 51 A. Originally, the Constitution of India didn’t consist of Fundamental Duties. During the internal emergencies (1975-1977), the Congress party came to know the need and necessity of FDs. In 1976, sardar swaran singh committee was set up to make recommendations about Fundamental Duties. 10 Fundamental Duties were added by 42nd Constitutional amendment act in 1976.
FDs are inspired from the USSR Constitution. These are reminders to citizens that while enjoying their rights. Who is a parent or guardian to provide education to his children between six to fourteen years was added by the 86th Constitutional amendment act, 2002. Important duties like paying taxes, casting votes, and family planning are not mentioned in the duties. These are non justiciable.
Article 51 A consists 11 Fundamental Duties to every citizen of india.
- To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;
- To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;
- To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;
- To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;
- To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;
- To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;
- To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures;
- To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;
- To safeguard public property and to abjure violence;
- To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement;
- To provide opportunities for education to his child or, as the case may be, ward between the age of six and fourteen years.
Also Read :