Directive Principles of State Policy
The Directive Principles of State Policy are in part 4 of the constitution from article 36 to 51. These are novel features of the Indian Constitutions said by Dr.B.R Ambedkar. These are instructions to state and central governments to promote the welfare of the communities. The DPSP act as a guiding light for the government and they are called as “conscience keepers” of the constitution. These are non justiciable. They are not enforceable by the courts. Therefore, the governments cannot be compelled to implement the instructions. The DPSP has been inspired from the Irish Constitution (Ireland) and principles of Gandhi. DPSP can be classified into 3 categories. They are socialistic, Gandhian and lineral-intellectual.
Articles related to Directive Principles of State Policy.
|Article 36: Definition of state.|
Article 37: Application of the Principles contained in this part.
Article 38: the state to secure a social order for the promotion of the welfare of people.
Article 39: Certain principles of policies to be followed by the state.
Article 39A: Equal justice and free legal aid.
Article 40: Organization of village panchayats.
Article 41: Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases.
Article 42: Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity leaves.
Article 43: Living wage etc. for workers.
Article 43A: Participation of workers in management of industries.
Article 43B: Promotion of cooperative societies.
Article 44: Uniform civil code for the citizens.
Article 45: Provision for early childhood care and education to children below the age of six years.
Article 46: Promotion of education and economic interests of SC, ST, and other weaker sections.
Article 47: Duty of the state to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.
Article 48: Organization of agriculture and animal husbandry.
Article 48A: Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wildlife.
Article 49: Protection of monuments and places and objects of national importance.
Article 50: Separation of judiciary from the executive.
Article 51: Promotion of international peace and security.
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