Classical and Folk Dances of India

Dance Forms in India

The 2 major dance form in India are classical and folk dance. The major difference between Classical and Folk dance is the origin.

Classical dance has a deep-rooted relationship with the Natya Shastra where the specific features of each of the Classical dance forms have been mentioned.

Folk dance, on the other hand, emerged from the local tradition of the respective state, ethnic or geographic regions.

Classical Dance in India

The classical dance form originated from the Natya Shastra. There are 8 classical dance forms in India as per the source and scholar.

The Cultural Ministry of India has included Chhau into the list of classical dances that makes a total of 9 classical dance form.

The list of classical dances in India is given below:

List of Classical dances in India State of Origin
BharatnatyamTamil Nadu
KathakUttar Pradesh
KuchipudiAndhra Pradesh
OdissiOdisha
KathakaliKerala
SattriyaAssam
ManipuriManipur
MohiniyattamKerala

Folk Dances in India

Folk dances in India represent the culture and tradition of the community from where it originated.

Folk dances are usually performed during the respective community’s celebration- childbirth, festivals, weddings, etc.

There are different types of Folk dances in India.

The list of Folk Dances in India is given below:

State of OriginList of Folk Dances in India
Andhra PradeshVilasini Natyam, Bhamakalpam, Veeranatyam, Dappu, Tappeta Gullu, Lambadi, Dhimsa, Kolattam.
Arunachal PradeshBuiya, Chalo, Wancho, Pasi Kongki, Ponung, Popir, Lion and Peacock dance, Aji Lamu, Idu Mishmi, Ponung, sadinuktso
AssamBihu, Bichhua, Natpuja, Maharas, Kaligopal, Bagurumba, Naga dance, Khel Gopal, Tea folk’s jumar nach, Barpeta’s bhortal nritya
BiharJata-Jatin, Bakho-Bakhain, Panwariya, Seraikella Chau, Kajari Dance, Bidesia, Jhijhian, Paika
ChattisgarhGaur Maria, Panthi, Raut Nacha, Pandwani, Vedamati, Kapalik, Sua, Karma
GujaratGarba, Dandiya Raas, Tippani Juriun, Bhavai
GoaTarangamel, Koli, Dekhni, Fugdi, Shigmo, Ghode, Modni, Samayi nrutya, Jagar, Ranmale, Lamp dance, Kumbi
HaryanaJhumar, Phag, Daph, Dhamal, Loor, Gugga, Khor.
Himachal PradeshJhora, Jhali, Chharhi, Dhaman, Chhapeli, Mahasu
Jammu & KashmirRouf, Hikat, Mandjas, Kud Dandi Nach, Bhacha Nagma, Hikkat, Dhamali
JharkhandAlkap, Karma Munda, Agni, Jhumar, Janani Jhumar, Mardana Jhumar, Paika, Phagua, Santhal
KarnatakaYakshagana, Huttari, Suggi, Kunitha, Karga, Bhootha Ardhane, Dollu Kunitha, veeragaase, Joodu Halgi
KeralaOttam Thullal, Kaikottikali,theyyam, Thirvathirakali, duffmutu, arvanmuttu, oppan, Thitambu Nrityam
MaharashtraLavani, Nakata, Koli, Lezim, Gafa, Dahikala Dasavtar.
Madhya PradeshJawara, Matki, Aada, Khada Nach, Phulpati, Grida Dance, Selalarki, Selabhadoni
ManipurDol Cholam, Thang Ta, Lai Haraoba, Pung Cholom
MeghalayaKa Shad Suk Mynsiem, Nongkrem, Laho
MizoramCheraw Dance, Khuallam, Chailam, Sawlakin, Chawnglaizawn, Zangtalam, chheih Lam
NagalandRangma, Bamboo Dance, Zeliang, Nsuirolians, Gethinglim, Alauyattu, Agurshikukula, Butterfly, changai, Leshalpatu, rengma, Moyashai
OdishaSavari, Ghumara, Painka, Munari,chhow, patua, ghoomra, mask
PunjabBhangra, Giddha, Daff, Dhaman, Bhand
RajasthanGhumar, Chakri, Ganagor, Jhulan Leela, Jhuma, Suisini, Ghapal, Kalbelia, Kachchhi Ghodi
SikkimChu Faat, Sikmari, Singhi Chaam or the Snow Lion, Yak Chaam, Denzong Gnenha, Tashi Yangku, Maruni, Khukuri
Tamil NaduKumi, Kolattam, Kavadi, Devarattam, Bommalattam, Karagattam, Mayilattam, Paampuattam, Karagattam, Oyilattam, Puliyattam, Poikal Kududirai attam, Therukoothu
TelanganaPerini Sivathandavam 
TripuraHojagiri
Uttar PradeshNautanki, Raslila, Kajri, Jhora, Chappeli
UttarakhandGarhwali, Kumayuni, Kajari, Jhora, Barada Nati, Bhotiya Dance, Chacheri, Chhapeli, Langvir Nritya
West BengalGambira, Kalikapatadi, Nanchi, Alkap, Dommi, Kathi, Dhali, Jatra, Baul, Marasia, Mahal, Keertan
Andaman & NicobarNicobari
LakshadweepLava, Kolkali, Parichakali.
Daman & Diumando, veridigao, vira
Dadra & Nagar HaveliTarpa

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